Paul Temmer

Gender: Male Camps: -
Date of Birth: 1936 Collection ID: -
Location(s): Hungary, Budapest

Born in 1936 in Budapest, Hungary. When he was in second grade, they were forced to move to a one-bedroom apartment with ninety-eight people in the apartment so crowded that people had to take turns to go to sleep, because there wasn’t enough space for people to lay down. Paul and his brother were sent to a children’s shelter that promised to feed them. Paul and his brother were among approximately 250 children in what Paul described as a kind of “camp.” But after a day, Paul escaped with his brother through a gap in the fence that enclosed the camp and returned to the overcrowded apartment.

Later in 1944, the Budapest ghetto was established. Paul and his family were evacuated from their crowded apartment and marched to the ghetto.

Paul, his brother, and his grandparents managed to survive in the ghetto until it was liberated by the Soviet Army in January 1944.

Read Paul’s Story

Paul Temmer discusses living conditions in the ghetto.

Paul Temmer discusses how Raoul Wallenberg saved many Jewish men, women and children living in the ghetto

Paul Temmer discusses the loss of his family's valuables.

Paul Temmer remembers staying in a bomb shelter.

Paul Temmer talks about his first experience with antisemitism and having to wear the Jewish star.

Paul Temmer talks about the Nazi occupation of Budapest.

Paul Temmer tells about having to share his home with strangers.

Paul Temmer tells how he and his grandparents were moved into the ghetto from his home in Budapest, Hungary.

Paul Temmer tells how his property was inventoried by a neighbor.